Soviet porcelain accounts for the bulk of Yuri Traisman’s porcelain collection. The nearly 500 products of big and small factories and cooperative associations offer a good idea of the history of Soviet porcelain. The main criterion in the choice of items was theme, as well as their artistic merits and importance to the history of porcelain. Preference was given to wares that embodied the chief social and cultural myths of the country. Heroes of the “new era” – Red Armymen and border guards, workers and farmers, pioneering scientists and cosmonauts – stand side by side with lyrical figures representing scenes of peaceful life, Soviet cultural accomplishments and ample national cultural traditions. Gifts to Soviet leaders and national heroes form another line of collector items.